Civil

Lufthansa

HE-70

737-400

Deutsche Lufthansa is the flag carrier of Germany, the largest airline in Europe and the 4th largest in the world. The original Lufthansa was founded as Deutsche Luft Hansa January 6, 1926 in Berlin as the result of a merger between Deutscher Aero Lloyd and Junkers Luftverkehr. The beginning of the airline coincided with the lifting of restrictions on commercial air operations imposed by the Treaty of Versailles. Lufthansa began with 162 aircraft (mostly outdated WWI types) and 1,527 employees. Their first flight was on April 6, 1926 with a Fokker F.II flying from Berlin Tempelhof. During the rest of the 1920s Lufthansa rapidly expanded their network and became one of the fist airlines in the world to fly at night. In 1928 the first East to West crossing of the Atlantic Ocean was made by the Lufthansa pilots flying a Junkers W 33. In the 1930s they continued their expansion and began to concentrate on mail delivery. They began many international routes and set a record for mail delivery during a flight from Vienna to Istanbul in only 24 hours (a feat that is rarely managed today). In the late 1930s Lufthansa began flying the FW-200, HE-70, DO-17 and the JU-52. All aircraft with a primary military mission. The leaders of the company were closely linked to Hitler and even provided him an aircraft for his 1932 election campaign free of charge. With the outbreak of WWII Lufthansa was merged into the Luftwaffe and most passenger operations ceased. After the end of WWII all aircraft were seized and Deutsche Luft Hansa was dissolved. The new Lufthansa was formed on January 6, 1953 as Aktiengesellschaft für Auftverkehrsbedarf and was renamed Deutsche Lufthansa Aktiengesellschaft and re-launched as an airline on August 6, 1954. On April 1, 1955 Lufthansa began passenger service in Germany using Convair 330s. They rapidly expanded and by the end of 1956 were again flying all over the world. In 1958 Lufthansa placed an order for four Boeing 707s to start jet service from Frankfurt to New York City. Through the 1960s Lufthansa continued to add Boeing jets to their fleet and was the launch customer for the 737. In the 1970s they added the 747 and by the end of the decade became an Airbus customer as well. They continued to add new aircraft and routes throughout the 1980s and 1990s. In 1990 Lufthansa returned to Berlin for the first time since 1945. The Lufthansa logo was created in 1918 by Otto Firle as part of the logo of the first German airline, DLR, which was adopted by Deutsche Luft Hansa in 1926 and by Lufthansa in 1954

Lufthansa  Heinkel_logo  Boeing

Beechcraft

Bonanza

Beechcraft was founded in Wichita, Kansas in 1932 and began operation in a disused Cessna factory. With designer Ted Wells they developed the first aircraft under the Beechcraft name, the Model 17 Staggerwing, which first flew in November 1932. After WWII the Staggerwing was replaced by the revolutionary Beechcraft Bonanza with a distinctive V-tail. Various models of the Bonanza have been in production since 1947. Beechcraft has also produced the King Air / Super King Air, the Baron, and the Model 18. In 1950 Walter Beech died and his wife Olive became president of the company until it was sold to Raytheon in 1980. In 1994 Raytheon merged Beechcraft with the Hawker product line it had acquired from British Aerospace and formed Raytheon Aircraft. In 2002 the Beechcraft brand was revived to again designate Wichita produced aircraft. In 2007 Raytheon Aircraft was sold to Hawker Beechcraft. The Beechcraft division remains in Wichita, Kansas.

Beechcraft

Varney Speed Lanes

Orion Model 9

Varney Air Lines was an airline company that started service on April 6, 1926 as an air-mail carrier. Formed by Walter Varney, the airline was based in Boise, Idaho. Varney won its mail contract as the only bidder. Its first flight under contract with the USPOD was from Pasco, Washington to Elko, Nevada with an intermediate stop in Boise. Varney continuously upgraded it’s aircraft, flying Swallows, Stearmans, M-2 Bulls, Boeing 40s and the Boeing 247. They continued to expand their routes and in 1934 merged with Pacific Air Transport, Boeing Air Transport, and National Air Transport to form United Airlines.

varneyl2  Lockheed

 

 

Pan Am

707-321

Pan American World Airways (Pan Am) was the principal and largest international air carrier in the United States from 1927 until its collapse on December 4, 1991. Founded in 1927 as a scheduled air mail and passenger service operating between Key West, Florida, and Havana, Cuba, the airline became a major company credited with many innovations that shaped the international airline industry, including the widespread use of jet aircraft, jumbo jets, and computerized reservation systems. Identified by its blue globe logo, the use of the word Clipper in aircraft names and call signs and white pilot uniform caps, the airline was a cultural icon of the 20th century. It was also the unofficial flag carrier of the United States

Pan Am  Boeing

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