Morane-Saulnier Type N Fighter
The Morane-Saulnier Type N entered service in April 1915 with the French Air Force. While the type N appeared to be a graceful streamlined design it was difficult to fly and land. The controls were very stiff due to the use of wing warping instead of ailerons and the all flying tail caused overly sensitive pitch and yaw. The landing speed was also high. The large metal casserole type spinner was designed to streamline the aircraft but caused the engines to overheat. The spinners were soon removed, curing the overheating problems with little loss in performance. 49 Morane-Saulnier Type Ns were built and it flew with the French air force, the Royal Flying Corps and the 19th Squadron of the Imperial Russian Air Force. The Morane-Saulnier Type N carried an unsynchronized forward firing 7.9 mm Hotchkiss machine gun. Deflector wedges were used to allow the gun to fire through the propeller arc. This model shows a Morane-Saulnier Type N flown by Ivan Smirnov (11 victories) of the 19th squadron of the Imperial Russian Air Service in April 1917.