The Soyuz launcher was developed from the 1950’s R-7 ICBM. While the R-7 was not a very successful as an ICBM it was developed into a highly successful series of space launchers. Capable of lifting 15,540 lbs low earth orbit, with the addition of various stages, the R-7 family of rockets has a success rate of 97.7% over 1628 launches.
The Soyuz TM spacecraft is a modernized version of the Soyuz T with new docking and rendezvous, communications, emergency and integrated parachute/landing engine systems. It uses a more durable metal body and lighter heat shield material. It was the manned spacecraft used to ferry crews to Mir and the International Space Station.
This model shows a Soyuz U-2 Rocket with the Soyuz TM-12 spacecraft that was launched on May 18, 1991 with two Soviet and one British Astronauts to the Mir spacestation.